Macular Degeneration Specialist

Eye Care & Surgery

Ophthalmologists & Optometrists located in New York City, NY & The Bronx, NY

Age-related macular degeneration, one of the leading causes of vision loss today, affects around 11 million American adults. The highly-skilled team of optometrists and ophthalmologists at Eye Care & Surgery diagnose both forms of age-related macular degeneration and then help you delay its progression to preserve your sight. Eye Care & Surgery has two New York City locations in Washington Heights in Manhattan and another near the Grand Concourse in the Bronx, right across the street from Yankee Stadium, so book your appointment online or call your nearest Eye Care & Surgery office for age-related macular degeneration help now.

Macular Degeneration

What is age-related macular degeneration?

Age-related macular degeneration is a condition that occurs when the macula — the part of your retina that's largely responsible for central vision, color vision, and detailed images — starts to break down. There are two forms of age-related macular degeneration, dry and wet. 

Dry age-related macular degeneration

The dry form of the disease is by far the most common, making up 90% of all cases. If you have dry age-related macular degeneration, your macula cells are steadily breaking down. 

In the initial stages of dry age-related macular degeneration, you might not have any symptoms. However, it's a progressive disease, and eventually, vision problems begin in the mid-to-late stages. 

Symptoms of dry age-related macular degeneration can include:

  • Visual distortions, like straight lines appearing wavy
  • The need for increased light when reading
  • Difficulty seeing in low light conditions
  • Faded-looking colors

Wet age-related macular degeneration

The wet form of the disease is the most serious. Dry age-related macular degeneration can turn into the wet form of the disease over time. The wet version of age-related macular degeneration always starts as the dry version. 

In wet age-related macular degeneration, new abnormal blood vessels develop in your eye and then start leaking. Symptoms appear suddenly, and can include:

  • Blurry vision
  • Partial central vision loss
  • Light sensitivity
  • Straight lines that look wavy

If you suspect either type of age-related macular degeneration, get expert help from the Eye Care & Surgery team now.

How is age-related macular degeneration diagnosed?

The Eye Care & Surgery team uses a variety of sophisticated tools to diagnose age-related macular degeneration. A dilated eye exam is always the first step, and testing might include fundoscopy and fundus photography to examine your retina under high magnification. 

If your eye doctor suspects wet age-related macular degeneration, they may inject a special dye intravenously in your arm, which highlights abnormal blood vessels in photographs.

Is age-related macular degeneration treatable?

Although there's not a cure, you can delay the disease progression with your eye doctor's help. A high-dose blend of antioxidants, along with specific vitamins and minerals, can enhance eye health and might prevent the dry form of the disease from progressing.  

Wet age-related macular degeneration treatment typically involves inner-eye injections that prevent abnormal blood vessel growth. These anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections can be quite effective in delaying the progression of the disease. In some cases, anti-VEGF injections may even give you moderate vision gains. 

Another option for wet age-related macular degeneration treatment is photodynamic therapy, which combines laser light and medication to destroy abnormal blood vessels. 

Your Eye Care & Surgery care provider is here to help you keep your sight, so book online or call the Eye Care & Surgery office nearest you for age-related macular degeneration help now.