Eye Disease Specialist

Eye Care & Surgery

Ophthalmologists & Optometrists located in New York City, NY & The Bronx, NY

As you get older, you become more susceptible to common age-related eye diseases like cataracts, glaucoma, and macular degeneration. Regular eye exams are the best way to diagnose the early signs of eye disease so you can receive the care you need. The skilled team of ophthalmologists and optometrists at Eye Care & Surgery, with two New York City locations in Washington Heights in Manhattan and another near the Grand Concourse in the Bronx, right across the street from Yankee Stadium, are experts at diagnosing, treating, and helping you manage eye disease to prevent vision complications. Call your nearest Eye Care & Surgery office to schedule an exam or book online.

Eye Disease

What are the most common age-related eye diseases?

Some of the most common eye diseases associated with the normal aging process include:

  • Age-related macular degeneration (AMD), in which you slowly lose central vision
  • Glaucoma, a group of diseases that damage the optic nerve and lead to vision loss
  • Dry eye, when you have problems producing enough tears or poor quality tears
  • Cataracts, in which the lens in your eye becomes cloudy and affects your vision 

Other age-related conditions include presbyopia, which makes you gradually lose the ability to focus on objects up close, and floaters, or tiny specks that float across your field of vision. 

Additionally, if you have diabetes, as you get older, you become more susceptible to diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when the tiny blood vessels in your eyes leak fluid into your eye, causing vision problems. If diabetic retinopathy is serious enough, it could eventually lead to blindness. 

What are some other common eye diseases?

In addition to age-related eye diseases, other common eye diseases that can affect you at any age include:

  • Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, which occurs when the tissue in your eyes becomes inflamed and irritated
  • Corneal diseases that happen after an injury or infection
  • Eyelid problems and diseases like blepharitis (inflamed eyelids) and ptosis (drooping eyelids)
  • Keratoconus, a condition that causes thinning and bulging of the cornea 
  • Pterygium, abnormal growth of the conjunctiva (the clear membrane on the surface of your eye)

Retinal detachment, another eye condition, is a very serious situation that requires immediate medical attention to prevent permanent vision loss. 

How do I prevent eye disease?

According to the National Eye Institute, everyone who is age 50 or older should get a comprehensive dilated eye exam by experienced eye care professionals like the team at Eye Care & Surgery. 

Many eye diseases happen gradually and without obvious warning signs. A dilated eye exam allows your eye doctor to closely examine your eye and detect any signs of eye disease before vision loss occurs. 

Additionally, your Eye Care & Surgery ophthalmologist or optometrist can diagnose conditions and prescribe effective treatment options in the earliest stages of eye disease. 

They typically begin with a conservative approach using antibiotics or eye drops, but can also perform state-of-the-art surgery and other treatments for more serious eye diseases. 

Based on your risk factors, your provider recommends how often you should get a comprehensive eye exam. 

To schedule an exam to help protect your eyes against common diseases and conditions at any age, call the Eye Care & Surgery office nearest you or book online today.